culture expert and graduate of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. Her research interests include popular culture and its reception by fans, as well as issues of historical and social conditioning of authorship; the latter subject was the subject of her doctoral thesis. She collaborates with the cultural and literary magazine szuflada.net. Author of the book Fandom. Fanowskie modele odbioru (Fandom. Models of reception by fans, 2018) and Autorstwo. Urynkowienie literatury i fantazmat podmiotu autorskiego (Autorship. The Marketisation of Literature and the Phantasm of the Authorial Subject, 2021).